Frederick Abe is the oldest son of Mary M. Abe. Frederick IS NOT the child of Nicholas and Lacy Ann Abe as many online family trees show. Also, be very careful. This Frederick is the third by that name that has been found. This one is not the Frederick buried at the (13)Abe Cemetery in Mineral County, WV. This Frederick was living with his mother and younger brother in a completely separate household from the other Frederick and it seems to be a good distance away. This Frederick is also the only one who served in the Civil War. The (19)1860 Census for Hampshire County, VA is the only census record found for him so very little is known. According to his Civil War prison records (see below), he was born about 1844 and this is the same as the census record. He (86)enlisted on March 12, 1862 was a member of the 11th Virginia Cavalry for a very short time in the Civil War.
(86)In the first couple days of December 1862 his cavalry unit was on a scouting mission in the area of the town of Moorefield, WV, in Hardy County. On December 3 Frederick and nine others were captured while many of his company were taking time off to visit local family and friends. Two others were killed and many wounded. Their leader, Captain E. H. McDonald, was also one of the captured but he later escaped and returned to his regiment. The Federal capturing party was of the Ringgold Cavalry Company Pennsylvania Volunteers and a portion of the 1st West Virginia Cavalry.
(86)(87)Frederick was transferred to Atheneum Prison in Wheeling, WV then to Camp Chase, Ohio. From there he was transferred to Ciaro, Illinois on 12/08/1862 where he was to be "exchanged". On 12/14/1862 he was admitted to the prison hospital where he died on 12/15/1862 of Cerebritis (a swelling of the cerebrum of the brain). Cerebritis is usually caused by some underlying condition and is commonly found in patients with lupus or in this instance more likely from some sort of infection whether viral or bacterial. The cause of the Cerebritis in this case is unknown and could have been caused by diseases such as Encephalitis or Meningitis. These two are in most cases caused by viral infections and transmitted many times by blood sucking insects such as mosquitoes and ticks. Smallpox is also another possibility but I tend to discount this because Smallpox would have a visible outbreak that is easier identified and diagnosed. This case only mentions swelling of the brain which would be more consistent with some other type of infection.
No burial records have been found so it is assumed he is buried with the many other unmarked graves near the prison hospital.
A Civil War memorial monument located in the "Indian Mound Cemetery" in Romney, West Virginia. The engraving on the front says "The daughters of Old Hampshire, erect this tribute of affection to her heroic sons, who fell in defence of Southern Rights". On the right side, on the base, Frederick's name is listed. There he is listed as "F. Abee".
UPDATE: New Frederick Abe Civil War Records are now ready for viewing. See post "They Abandoned the 77th Virginia Militia 11-004" and also Sources #0121 and 0122. These records add to but do not change anything already published.
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